Chief Revenue Officer (CRO)

What is a Chief Revenue Officer (CRO)?

The chief revenue officer (CRO) is a relatively new c-level role that is responsible for overseeing all aspects of revenue generation for a company. The CRO is responsible for ensuring that an organization is achieving its revenue goals. This includes everything from developing and executing marketing strategies to driving sales and customer success. 

The chief revenue officer position is becoming more common as businesses realize the importance of having a leader dedicated to aligning marketing, sales, and customer success with common business goals. CROs are often seen as the driving force behind a company’s growth, and they play a vital role in ensuring that all revenue streams are optimized. The chief revenue officer accomplishes this by driving profitability and leading revenue operations (RevOps) towards higher performance, shorter deal cycles, smarter scaling goals, enhanced customer retention, and more.


  • CRO
  • Chief Growth Officer
  • Chief Commercial Officer
  • Chief Sales Officer
  • Head of Revenue Operations (RevOps)
  • Head of revenue generation
  • VP new business

What are the Responsibilities of a Chief Revenue Officer?

Chief revenue officers are responsible for improving sales performance by generating product and pricing strategies and improving customer satisfaction and retention. In some companies, the CRO is heavily involved in sales leadership, determining sales strategies, processes, and technology. A common theme among chief revenue officers is that they are all responsible for analyzing marketing, sales, and customer success data and making strategic decisions based on that data to grow revenue. 

Now, let’s break down the responsibilities of a chief revenue officer:

  • Revenue analysis: One of the most critical responsibilities of a chief revenue officer is to analyze revenue metrics and set revenue, pipeline, and funnel KPIs to determine effective strategies and tactics to grow revenue. 
  • Revenue operations: The CRO is responsible for implementing revenue operations, the people, processes, and technologies necessary to drive revenue. 
  • Customer retention: Customer retention is a core CRO responsibility because the cost of acquiring new customers impacts revenue. And, satisfied customers that continue to purchase products and services help maintain a healthy revenue stream. 
  • Growth: Chief revenue officers are responsible for growth in new customer accounts and renewals, as well as quarter over quarter and year over year revenue growth.
  • Customer acquisition: Chief revenue officers oversee the development of marketing and sales strategies to acquire new customers. This includes pipeline development, conversion rate optimization, and customer journey improvement. 
  • Align: Another vital responsibility of a chief revenue officer is to align and sync all data and processes related to revenue. When there is one source of truth about revenue-related activities and data, the organization is better suited to make decisions that impact revenue. 
  • Inter-departmental collaboration: The chief revenue officer interacts not only with the sales department but also with other departments, such as the marketing department for marketing strategies. Also, CROs act as a crucial inter-departmental bridge between sales, marketing, product, customer success, and finance to generate revenue. Rather than marketing, sales, and customer success working in disparate silos, they work cooperatively by reporting to the CRO and aligning on the same goals and KPIs.
  • Plan for the future: Chief revenue officers are also data-driven and are always prepared to present forecasts and strategies to the board and other company leaders. To execute a plan and turn it into reality, chief revenue officers utilize business acumen, strategic thinking, and technology to help accomplish the organization’s revenue goals. 

Chief Revenue Officer vs Chief Sales Officer

Although a chief revenue officer (CRO) and a chief sales officer (CSO) both lead sales operations, there are a few distinctions between the two roles. A chief sales officer is in charge of ensuring the sales team achieves sales and revenue targets. On the other hand, a chief revenue officer is responsible for overseeing the entire revenue process in a company, which includes: marketing, sales, and customer success strategies, processes, and technology. 

Another distinction between CSO and CRO is that a CSO is more involved in the day-to-day business of selling and leading the sales team, including determining sales processes, setting quotas, hiring, training, and closing deals. A CRO focuses on inter-departmental collaboration rather than managing salespeople and closing deals.

CRO’s Impact on Sales Operations

Sales operations is a critical function within any organization. It is responsible for ensuring that sales activities are aligned with the company’s strategic objectives and that they are carried out efficiently and effectively. Chief revenue officers oversee all aspects of sales operations, including planning, forecasting, and execution. In recent years, CROs have increasingly been focused on driving growth through revenue optimization. This involves using data and analytics to identify opportunities for improvement within the sales process and then implementing strategies to realize those gains.

Revenue optimization can significantly impact top-line growth by driving efficiencies in the sales process and improving close rates. It can also help to increase average deal sizes and improve win rates in competitive situations. In addition, a CRO can help to improve customer retention and loyalty by ensuring that the sales process is delivering the best possible experience for customers.

CROs play a vital role in sales operations, and their impact on the bottom line can be significant. 

Chief Revenue Officer vs Chief Marketing Officer

The roles of Chief revenue officer (CRO) and chief marketing officer (CMO) have some distinct differences since the chief marketing officer’s role is largely linked to a company’s marketing activities and processes. The chief revenue officer is responsible for generating revenue for the company and working with other departments to ensure that revenue goals are met. However, the chief marketing officer is responsible for developing and executing marketing strategies. This includes creating and managing campaigns and marketing communications, overseeing market research, developing branding initiatives, and working with the sales team to ensure that marketing goals are aligned with business objectives.

At the end of the day, both the CRO and CMO are responsible for increasing sales and revenue. However, the CRO focuses on the bottom line and the CMO focuses on generating leads and awareness.

CRO’s Impact on Revenue Marketing

The CRO is the key decision-maker when it comes to anything and everything that impacts revenue. But what does that mean for revenue marketing and the go-to-market motion?

Simply put, revenue marketing is an approach to marketing that is focused on driving revenue growth. This means that everything from the strategy and execution of marketing campaigns to the measurement of success is geared towards generating more revenue. Since the CRO is responsible for developing and driving the revenue strategy for an organization, they need a deep understanding of the market, the customers, and how to drive growth. They also need to be able to align all of the different pieces of the revenue puzzle, from marketing to sales to customer success.

Here are a few specific ways the CRO impacts revenue marketing:

  • Overseeing marketing enablement to leverage technology and processes that support revenue growth
  • Implementing product growth in accordance with customer insights, customer feedback, and changing market trends
  • Collaborating with all departments to define pricing
  • Solving problems that delay sales and marketing cycles
  • Reviewing and improving CRM management
  • Determining and analyzing revenue marketing metrics and data

Perhaps most importantly, the CRO needs to effectively communicate the revenue strategy to all the different teams within an organization. After all, revenue marketing is only successful if everyone is working towards the same goal.

Chief Revenue Officer vs Chief Customer Officer

The chief revenue officer (CRO) is responsible for generating revenue for the company. The chief customer officer (CCO) is responsible for ensuring that customers are satisfied with the company’s products and services. Both positions are important to a company’s success, but there are some key differences between the two.

The CRO is responsible for generating revenue through sales by developing and implementing sales strategies, setting sales goals, and managing the sales team. In order to be successful, the Chief Revenue Officer must have a deep understanding of the company’s products and services, as well as the needs of the customers. 

The CCO is responsible for ensuring that customers are happy with the products and services they receive from the company. This includes working with customer service representatives to resolve issues and ensure that they are providing excellent customer support. The CCO is also responsible for developing and implementing customer satisfaction strategies, setting customer satisfaction goals, and managing the customer success team. In order to be successful, the CCO must have a deep understanding of the needs of the customers and how the company’s products and services meet those needs.

Both the chief revenue officer and the chief customer officer are important positions within a company. Each position requires a deep understanding of the company’s products and services, as well as the needs of the customers.

CRO’s Impact on Customer Success

The chief revenue officer plays a vital role in customer success. By having a deep understanding of customer needs and being able to align sales strategies with their success, chief revenue officers can help ensure that customers reach their goals. In doing so, chief revenue officers also increase sales and revenue for their company.

Ways that CROs impact customer success includes:

  • Implementing processes and technology to improve the impact of customer success on revenue, including increasing customer lifetime value and reducing customer churn
  • Measuring and analyzing customer success metrics
  • Implementing continuous improvement and alignment between sales and customer success

Chief Revenue Officer KPIs

The chief revenue officer is responsible for ensuring that the company meets its revenue targets. They are also responsible for overseeing the sales team and ensuring that they are meeting their quotas. Below are common chief revenue officer KPIs.

  • Revenue: The most important KPI for a chief revenue officer is revenue. It is important to note that the concept of revenue as a KPI depends on the industry. For example, in the telecommunications industry, the revenue metric is average revenue per user (ARPU), but in the SaaS industry revenue is measured as annual recurring revenue (ARR). 
  • Retention: Another chief revenue officer KPI is related to customer retention. There are several ways to measure customer retention, but one common metric is the percentage of customers who remain active after a certain period. For example, a company might measure customer retention as the percentage of customers who are still active after one year. Or, if the company operates on a subscription model, the KPI could be based on growth in subscription renewals. A number of factors can influence customer retention, such as the quality of the product or service, the level of customer support, and the pricing. The CRO is responsible for ensuring that all of these factors are optimized to maximize retention. 
  • Pipeline: A CRO’s performance may also be measured based on the percentage of sales pipeline that is covered by active deals. This is a good indicator of whether or not the sales team has enough deals in the pipeline to hit the company’s revenue targets.
  • Average Deal Size: This KPI has a major influence on revenue. The average deal size measures the average value of all deals closed by a company. This metric is important for sales organizations and revenue operations as it can indicate whether they are closing smaller or larger deals on average. 
  • Sales Cycle Time: Sales cycle time is the elapsed time between the initial sales contact with a prospective customer and the final sales transaction. The sales cycle can be very short, as in the case of a retail purchase, or it can be much longer, as in the case of a complex enterprise sale. A number of factors can influence the length of the sales cycle, including the type of product or service being sold, the complexity of the sale, the buying habits of the customer, and the sales skills of the salesperson. In general, however, the CRO can take steps to shorten their sales cycles by streamlining their sales processes and training their salespeople to be more effective. 
  • Win Rate: The win rate in sales is the percentage of successful sales opportunities converted into actual sales. Win rate is a core KPI of a chief revenue officer because it indicates when sales processes need improvement or when sales methodologies or strategies need to be implemented.

Chief Revenue Officer Salary

There is a wide range of salaries for chief revenue officers, depending on the size of the company, the industry, and the geographical location. CROs in the tech industry tend to make more than those in other industries. The average chief revenue officer salary is $250,000. This includes base salary, bonus, and equity compensation. The average total compensation for a CRO is $377,500. 

People Also Ask

Why do you need a Chief Revenue Officer?

As a company grows, so does the complexity of its revenue generation. A CRO brings a strategic perspective to revenue generation, working with other senior leaders to develop and implement plans for growth. In addition to setting revenue goals, a CRO is responsible for identifying new revenue streams, evaluating pricing strategies, and developing go-to-market plans.

A CRO is also responsible for managing the sales force and ensuring that it is effective in achieving revenue goals. This includes recruiting and training sales staff, setting performance targets, and monitoring results.

While a CRO is typically found in larger companies, businesses of all sizes can benefit from having a dedicated leader overseeing revenue generation. A CRO can be a valuable addition to your senior leadership team.

Why is a Chief Revenue Officer important?

A chief revenue officer is crucial mainly because the CRO will directly affect every aspect of the company’s revenue operations. For example, a chief revenue officer generates revenue by centering on marketing, sales, partner strategies, and more.

Also, this role is important for a company to improve sales performance by creating solid product and pricing and implementing strategies for greater customer retention and satisfaction.

Who reports to a Chief Revenue Officer? 

The chief revenue officer reports to the CEO of the company and other departments report directly to a chief revenue officer, such as marketing, sales, finance, and customer support.